The colonial roots of deforestation in Sumatra

Felled trees for tobacco plantation in Deli in 1890s.
Cleared jungles
The plantation belt of the East Coast of Sumatra in 1920. The yellow areas are for tobacco and green areas are for rubber.
A map of the Serdang division. All lands were parcelled and allocated to companies.
Hunting game in Asahan, around 1910

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